Montescudaio is a tourist and agricultural center to the shoulders of the Tuscany shoreline of Cecina. Since the 1405, Montescudaio is a history rich country and its historical center maintains traces of several periods.
Bolgheri is a fraction of the municipal district of Castagneto Carducci which is located in a few km at north-west in regard to the chief town. It rises in the middle of the Livorno's Maremma, on the last ramification of the Metalliferous hills. The characteristic village has developed around the medieval castle( remodelled over the centuries) that rises on the top of a hill that can be reached by the suggestive "Viale dei Cipressi", a road long nearly five km that starts downstream, on the "via Aurelia", just in front of the eighteenth-century "Oratorio di San Guido" : the place was made famous with the verses of Giosuè Carducci in the poetry "Davanti San Guido"(1874). Also, in the village is located the monumental cemetery where the grandmother of the poet was buried. Not far from the residential complex, on a hill high 400 meters on the sea level, it rises the fortify unit of "Castiglioncello di Bolgheri".. (Source: Wikipedia)
Volterra is an Italian municipality of 11042 habitants in Pisa's district. The city, famous for the extraction and the manufacture of alabaster, preserves a considerable historical centre of Etruscan origin( of this epoch remains the Porta all'Arco, magnificently conserved; the Porta Diana, that conserves the blocks of the strains; much of the walls, built with cyclopean blocks of local stone; and numerous hypogeal used for the burial of the dead), with Roman ruins and medieval buildings such as the cathedral and the Palace of the Priori on the homonymous square, that is the nerve centre of the population. The name is obviously of Etruscan origin and after it has been adapted to the Latin "voloterrae" . Velathri (the ancient Etruscan name of Volterra) was part of the Etruscan confederation, called Etruscan dodecapoli or lucumonies.The king (and high priest) was called luchmon (lacumone). Part of the municipal territory was the epicentre of the earthquake of the 2nd August 1853, which reached the magnitude 4.63 of the Richter scale and the V-VI degree of Mercalli's scale. (Source: Wikipedia)
Pisa The city fits in densely populated and urbanized territory (called "Pisa's area), that with the near municipalities of Calci, Cascina, San Giuliano Terme, Vecchiano and Vicopisano, comes to count about 200.000 habitants. Also it forms a vertex of the so-called "industrial trangle" consisting of municipalities like Livorno, Pisa and Collesalvetti, whose total population amounts to over 260.000 habitants. Among the most important monuments of the city there is , in the famous Piazza del Duomo, declared humanity heritage, the Cathedral built in marble between 1063 and 1118, in Pisa's romantic style, with the bronze portal of san Ranieri of Bonanno Pisano and the pulpit of Giovanni Pisano. In the square spires the characteristic Leaning Tower, bell tower of the XII century, 56 meters high, that acquired its characteristic inclination after ten years after its building, today it is one of the Italian monuments most known in the world. (Source: Wikipedia)
Sienawas founded as Roman colony at the time of the imperator Augusto and it took the name of Saena Iulia. Inside the Siena's historical centre there have been found sites of Etruscan period, that can make us think that the city has been established from Etruscan. The first known document in which is cited Siena's community dates back to the seventies and got the signature of Tacito that, in the IV book of Historiae, reports the following episode: the senator Manlio Patruito reported to Rome that he has been beated and ridiculed with false funeral during his official visit to Saena Iulia, little military colony of Tuscia. The Roman senate decided to punish the main guilty and to severely reprimand Siena's people to a greater respect against authority. (Sourcee: Wikipedia)
Firenze In the Middle Ages Florence was an important cultural, commercial, economic and financial centre; in the Modern period as served as capital of chief town of Tuscany under the rule of the families Medici and Lorena. It has been capital of Italy from 1865 until 1871, after the unification of the country(1861). Important university centre and humanity's heritage UNESCO, is considered the place of origin of Renaissance and it is universally recognised as one of the cribs of art and architecture, it is also renowned as one of the most beautiful cities of the world, thanks to its numerous monuments and museums, including the Dome, Santa Croce, the Uffizzi, Ponte Vecchio, Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo Pitti. (Source: Wikipedia)